Meteorology Chapter 8 - Study Guide Part 1 B

(1) Which wind system bends winds so that they blow from the east near the earth’s poles?
(2) Which wind system is caused by collisions of warm tropical and cold polar airflows causing wind out of the west in the middle latitudes?
(3) What is the amount of water vapor in the air?
(4) Which term means that different temperatures of air can hold different amounts of water vapor?
(5) Which term means that the humidity of the air is 100 percent or holding the greatest amount of water vapor that it can hold?
(6) Warm air will hold ___ water vapor.
(7) Cool air will hold ___ water vapor.
(8) What is the temperature at which cooling air becomes saturated?
(9) What is the process by which released water vapor leaves the air and changes back into liquid water?
(10) What are droplets of water that form on cool surfaces when water vapor from the air condenses?
(11) What are tiny crystals of ice formed when water vapor freezes onto a cold object?
(12) What is made out of tiny water droplets, rising air, and dust?
(13) What causes warm air to rise when the sun is shining?
(14) What obstacles cause warm air to rise?
(15) What is the boundary between two air masses that can cause warm air to rise?
(16) What is a single large unit of air with uniform temperature and humidity?
(17) What type of front occurs when a warm air mass flows over a cold air mass and creates cloudy, rainy weather?
(18) What type of front occurs when a cold air mass bulldozes a warm air mass up rapidly creating severe weather?
(19) What type of fog forms on cold clear nights when air is cooled below its dew point by contact with the cold ground?
(20) What type of fog forms when warm air moves over cold water?
(21) What type of fog forms in cold air above hot pavement when water vapor condenses immediately after evaporating?
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